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Pd- and Cu-catalyzed C–H arylation of indazoles

Keika Hattori, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Junichiro Yamaguchi and Kenichiro Itami

Tetrahedron, 2012, in press. DOI: 10.1016/j.tet.2012.05.091

Special Issue in honor of Professor Manfred D. Reetz. Reetz for receipt of the Tetrahedron Prize 2011

 

 The palladium- and copper-catalyzed C–H arylation reactions of 1H- and 2H-indazoles with haloarenes are described. A PdCl2/phen/Ag2CO3/K3PO4 catalytic system is effective for the C–H arylation of 1H- and 2H-indazoles with haloarenes, whereas a less expensive CuI/phen/LiOt-Bu catalytic system is applicable to the C–H coupling of substituted 2H-indazoles and iodoarenes. The utility of newly developed catalyst was demonstrated in the rapid synthesis of YC-1 (an antitumor agent) and YD-3 (platelet anti-aggregating agent). These new reactions represent important direct functionalization tools of indazoles, well-known bioisosteres of pharmaceuitically important indole core.

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