Carbon Nanosheets by Morphology-Retained Carbonization of Two-Dimensional Assembled Anisotropic Carbon Nanorings
Taizo Mori, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Amit Dalui, Nobuhiko Mitoma, Kengo Suzuki, Mutsuyoshi Matsumoto, Nikhil Aggarwal, Archita Patnaik, Somobrata Acharya, Lok Kumar Shrestha, Hirotoshi Sakamoto, Kenichiro Itami,* and Katsuhiko Ariga*
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2018, Early view. DOI:10.1002/anie.201803859
Two‐dimensional (2D) carbon nanomaterials possessing promising physical and chemical properties find applications in high‐performance energy storage devices and catalysts. However, large‐scale fabrication of 2D carbon nanostructures is based on a few specific carbon templates or precursors and poses a formidable challenge. Now a new bottom‐up method for carbon nanosheet fabrication using a newly designed anisotropic carbon nanoring molecule, CPPhen, is presented. CPPhen was self‐assembled at a dynamic air–water interface with a vortex motion to afford molecular nanosheets, which were then carbonized under inert gas flow. Their nanosheet morphologies were retained after carbonization, which has never been seen for low‐molecular weight compounds. Furthermore, adding pyridine as a nitrogen dopant in the self‐assembly step successfully afforded nitrogen‐doped carbon nanosheets containing mainly pyridinic nitrogen species.